Activities for teaching Fatha, Kasra and Dhamma

Updated: Mar 8

Teaching the conecpt


So, your child or student has mastered the letters and their pronunciation. You should move onto getting them to recognise standalone joint letters before doing this. Check out the shop for support with recognising standalone joint letters!


Before starting the fatha page, explain what the symbol is and explain that it makes the 'u' sound when reading it with another letter (as in the sound 'u' in the word 'cup). Show and recite a few examples. Make sure to explain that this is a fast sound and we should not stretch it in any way as then it will make our reading wrong. Tell them to keep it short and sweet.

(For kasra, tell them that it makes the 'e' sound as in 'be' and for dhamma they should make the short 'oo' sound as in 'boot')


Most Qa'idahs have the alphabet at the top of the page with a fatha on all of the letters from Alif to Yaa. Read the alphabet with the fatha one at a time and get the child to repeat.

Give them one line at a time and get them to practise it to themselves after you have been over it with them a few times.


Once they have practised the letters, call them back and ask them to read the line to you. Tick the line if they have read it with no mistakes. If they have a mistake, send them back or correct them and ask them to read it to you again.


Now get them to read the line backwards. This helps you to see if they are just memorising or actually applying the Fatha to the letter in the correct way. Tick the line again when they have read it backwards. This will help remind you that they are secure in their phonetic knowledge and will help them work towards knowing the letters properly and in any order.


To enhance their pronunciation and for additional support, you should also revisit the full mouth letters and listen to just those letters after they have completed the entire alphabet with fatha. This will make them realise how the full mouth letters differ from the rest of the alphabet and so they will be more careful when reading those particular letters.


Repeat the above steps for Kasra and Dhamma.


Activities to practise Fatha, Kasra and Dhamma


1) Read and react


This is a fun little game which encourages the child to hone in on your voice and listen carefully. Say a word with a fatha and kasra in it eg: 'ha-si-ba'

Each time you say a letter that has a fatha on it, they need to do a certain action. For example, they can start with a closed fist and each time you say a letter with a fatha, they can open their hand and each time they hear a non fatha word they can close their hands. You can change up the activity to keep the lesson fast paced and interesting. They can stand up for fatha letters and sit down for non fatha letters. The list is virtually endless. If you'd like more suggestions, leave a comment!


2) Find and spot the fatha


Photocopy a few Qaidah pages and get them to find and circle or spot and dot the letters that have a fatha on them. Don't overwhelm them by giving them a page that has long ayahs on it. You can also get them to read just the Fatha letters (or kasra, dhamma letters depending on where they are with their reading.)

If you need pages for this activity, leave a comment!


3) Writing and reading practise


Get the children to practise their vowels by giving them letters with no harakahs. Set them tasks like: 'can you add a fatha to each of these letters?'

Once they have added the fatha on the letters, get them to read the letters to a freind or to you! If one of the children is particularly good at it, make them the star reader or a mini teacher helper- they will love this!

I use these with my children and have added a few suggestions on the many ways they can be adapted and used with your children. These cards are fantastic as they help children with their joint letter recognition too. Click on the pictures for further details and to make a purchase.



Please note: The kasra and dhamma version has been added to the Fatha pack. The pack now includes 66 cards.


4) How many Fathas are there?

Photocopy a Qa'idah page and get them to count the Fathas. The person who finds the correct amount wins!


If you have any suggestions, I would love to hear them and will add them to this page with full credit :)

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